Friday, 28 July, 2017

Iran is Back: With Int’l Sanctions lifted and Putin Friendly, Tehran is on a Roll

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By Juan Cole, Informed Comment

Iranian petroleum sales to its top four Asian customers rose nearly 60% year on year in March, and total exports have reached nearly 3 million barrels a day. Just four countries accounted for over 2/3s of the total exports– China, India, South Korea and Japan.

South Korea and Japan in particular had been strong-armed by the Obama administration to cut oil purchases from Iran, in order to force Tehran to the bargaining table.

But international sanctions were lifted in January of 2016, and Iran’s Asian trading partners seem just delighted to ramp up imports.

Although the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) has attempted to impose a reduction of exports on member states, so as to firm up weak oil prices, the organization exempted Iran so that it could try to recover the market share it lost under the Obama sanctions.

Iran’s exports were reduced to as little as 1 mn barrels per day in the period of severe sanctions imposed by the Obama administration and its allies.

The French firm Total S.A. is also going ahead with plans to invest massively in Iran’s South Pars natural gas fields, and is waiting on the US Department of the Treasury to OK the deal.

Total does not want to risk huge fines if the DoT later on decides that, e.g., the exploitation of the gas fields benefits groups sanctioned by the US, doing business with whom is risky.

As Iranian president Hassan Rouhani visited Moscow last week, Russian President Vladimir Putin said that Iran’s trade with Russia is up 70% in the past year.

Putin pledged to build 20 nuclear power reactors for Iran, and to arrange for Russian natural gas companies to help exploit Iranian gas. Putin said last week, according to BBC monitoring, “the possibility of exporting Sukhoi Superjet 100 aircraft as well as aircraft for medical use is on the agenda.”

Russia is also alleged to have sold to Iran the S-300 anti-aircraft defense system.

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