Friday, 15 November, 2019

Iran scientific progress

Iranian surgeons have carried out more than 70,000 transplants last year. Announcing this, Dr. Seyyed Shahabedin Sadr, the head of Iran Medical Association, said about 25,000 kidney transplants, 45,000 corneal transplants and thousands of marrow bone surgeries have been conducted by Iranian specialists in the past 11 months, Mehr News Agency reported.

Sadr noted that the creation of self confidence among Iranian researchers and scientists as one of the most important outcomes of the Islamic Revolution of Iran. “All types of medical services extended in the well-equipped western clinics are available in Iranian centers, as Iranian specialists are as proficient as their peers in the most developed clinics of the world,” he said. Scientific Progress The official also said that before the Islamic Revolution, only 50 kidney transplants were conducted in Iran. The statistics released in the recent decades show that Iranian scientists have made significant progress and continue to achieve more successes in the field. “Self-confidence and self-sufficiency in producing science must be boosted among Iranian youths,” he said. He pointed out that Iran ranks 24th in the world in terms of producing scientific articles and 10th in stem cell know-how.

Sadr said Iran has produced over 17,000 scientific articles in recent years and has more than 90 well equipped laboratories active in the field of nanotechnology. Remarkable Growth According to the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI), Iran increased its academic publishing output nearly tenfold from 1996 to 2004, and is ranked first globally in terms of output growth (followed by China with a threefold increase). In comparison, the only G8 countries in the top 20 with the fastest improvement are Italy at 10th place and Canada at 13th. Iran, China, India and Brazil are the only developing countries among 31 nations with 97.5 percent of the world’s total scientific productivity, Iran review reported. The remaining 162 developing countries contribute less than 2.5 percent of the world’s scientific output. According to Thomson Reuters, Iran has demonstrated a remarkable growth in science and technology in the past decade, increasing its science and technology output fivefold from 2000 to 2008. Most of this growth has been in the fields of engineering and chemistry, producing 1.4 percent of the world’s

total output during 2004-8. By 2008, Iranian science and technology output accounted for 1.02 percent

of the world’s total output. About 25 percent of scientific articles published in 2008 by Iran were co-authored internationally. The top five countries co-authoring with Iranian scientists are the US, the UK, Canada, Germany and France. A 2010 report by Canadian research firm Science-Metrix has put Iran in the top rank globally in terms of scientific productivity with a 14.4- growth index followed by South Korea with a 9.8-growth index. Iran’s growth rate in science and technology is 11 times more than the

average international growth in 2009. In terms of total output per year, Iran has already surpassed the total scientific output of Sweden, Switzerland, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Austria and Norway. Against All Odds The report notes that Iran’s scientific capability buildup has been fastest in the past two decades and that this build-up is despite Iraq’s invasion of Iran, the subsequent 1980-88 Iran-Iraq war and Iran’s high casualties due to the international sanctions on Iran. The then technologically superior Iraq and its use of chemical weapons on Iranians made Iran embark on a very ambitious science developing program by mobilizing scientists to offset its international isolation.

 

This is highly evident in the country’s nuclear science advancement, which has in the past two decades grown by 8,400 percent compared to the 34 percent for the rest of the world. The report mentions that Iran’s scientific advancement will lead to a higher quality of life for the Iranian population, but simultaneously and paradoxically also isolate Iran even more because of the world’s concern over Iran’s technological advancements. Other findings of the report point out that the fastest growing sectors in Iran are physics, public health sciences, engineering, chemistry and mathematics. Overall, the growth has mostly occurred after 1980 and especially quickened since 1991 with a significant acceleration in 2002 and an explosive surge since 2005. In the 2008 report of ISI, Iran ranked 32nd, 46th and 56th in chemistry, physics and biology respectively among all science-producing countries. Iran ranked 15th in 2009 in terms of presenting articles on nanotechnology. Some in the Iranian scientific community consider sanctions as a western conspiracy to stop Iran’s rise in the field of science while some others believe it has been a boon in compelling Iran to strive for scientific self sufficiency

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