Sunday, 26 January, 2020

Iranians Prepare for Muharram Mourning Ceremonies

Iranian Muslims across the country are getting ready for mourning rituals in Muharram.

Muharram is the first month in the Islamic year and a time of mourning. Every year on the 10th of Muharram (Day of Ashura), the Shia Muslims all over the world commemorate the martyrdom of Imam Hussein (PBUH). The commemoration start from the first day of Muharram and the peak reached on the 10th day. Today is the first day of Muharram.

The Day of Ashura is recognized as the most sacred day in the month of Muharram in which many Shi’a Muslims commemorate the martyrdom of Hussein ibn Ali in 680 CE.

It is forbidden for Muslims to fight during Muharram. A number of important events in Islamic history have occurred during this month. These include:

  • The Battle of Karbala (currently in Iraq) in the year 680 CE, which allowed Imam Hussein, a grandson of the Prophet Muhammed, and his army to enter the city on the first day of the month.
  • The restriction of Imam Hussein’s access to water on the seventh day.
  • The martyrdom of Imam Hussein and his clan (Ahl al-Bayt) on the 10th day of the month.

The battle in Karbala took place in 680 CE after Imam Hussein and his 72 companions, including his family, fought with courage against the much larger army of the Umayyad Caliph Yazid.

Muslims believe Imam Hussein stood up against the bully of the time to protect Islam from any deviation and to guide Muslims toward the right path.

Muslims use some means to mark the tragic event, such a Ta’zeih or passion play, which includes a dramatic presentation of events leading to and following Imam Hussein’s martyrdom.

Nothing could separate this spiritual heritage from the lives of Iranians. In fact, Iranians hold mourning ceremonies since the first day of the lunar month of Muharram. These ceremonies continue till the 40th day after the martyrdom (known as Arbaeen), until which Iranians avoid any type of personal or social celebration.

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