Thursday, 22 August, 2019

Prominent Scholar of Safavid Era: Sheikh ‪‎bahaei‬

Sheikh bahaei was a scholar, philosopher, architect, mathematician, astronomer and a poet in 16th-century Iran. He was born in Baalbek which is a part of ancient Jabal Amel region in south Lebanon but immigrated in his childhood to Safavid Iran with his father.
He was one of the earliest astronomers in the Islamic world to suggest the possibility of the Earth’s movement prior to the spread of the Copernican theory. He is considered one of the main co-founders of Isfahan School of Islamic Philosophy. In later years he became one of the teachers of Mulla Sadra.
He has left behind more than 100 books and treatises in Arabic and Persian. He passed away at the age of 77 in the Safavid capital, Isfahan, and according to his will, his body was taken to Mashhad and buried in the premises of the holy shrine of Imam Reza (AS), the 8th Infallible Successor of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA). Shaikh bahaei regarded as a leading scholar of his age and a “mujaddid” or revivalist. His erudition won him the admiration of Shah Abbas I, and he was appointed the Shaikh ol-Islam or the Chief Theologian of Isfahan.
Sheikh bahaeicontributed numerous works in philosophy, logic, astronomy and mathematics. His works include over 100 articles, epistles and books. Shaykh Baha’ al-Din also composed poems in Persian. His outstanding works in the Persian language are Jame’ Abbasi and two masnavis (rhymed couplets) by the names of “Milk and Sugar” and “Bread and Halva”. His other important work is the Kashkool, which includes stories, news, scientific topics, Persian and Arabic proverbs. He also wrote Khulāṣat al‐ḥisāb (lit. “Essentials of arithmetic”), an Arabic textbook that became popular throughout the Islamic lands from Egypt to India until the 19th century. It was translated into German in Berlin by G. H. F. Nesselmann and published in 1843. A French translation appeared later 1854.

Other works:
Kashkoul (in Persian)
Touti Nameh (in Persian)
Naan o Paneer (in Persian)
Sheer o Shekar (in Persian)
Naan o Halva (in Persian)
Jaame’e Abbasi (in Persian)
Tashrih Al-Aflak (in Arabic)
Al-favayed as-Samadieh (in Arabic)
Mashregh osh-Shamsain wa Eksir os-Sa’adatain (in Arabic)
Al-Athna Ashariyah (in Arabic)
Zobdat ol-Osul (in Arabic)

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