Sunday, 18 November, 2018

UN report on human rights situation in Yemen since 2014 (Part 7)

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Situation of human rights in Yemen, including violations and abuses since September 2014

Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights containing the findings of the Group of Eminent International and Regional Experts and a summary of technical assistance provided by the Office of the High Commissioner to the National Commission of Inquiry

Summary

The present report is being submitted to the Human Rights Council in accordance with Council resolution 36/31. Part I of the report contains the findings, conclusions and recommendations of the Group of Eminent International and Regional Experts on Yemen. Part II provides an account of the technical assistance provided by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to the National Commission of Inquiry into abuses and violations of human rights in Yemen.

G. Conclusions and recommendations

106. The Group of Experts has reasonable grounds to believe that the Governments of Yemen, the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia are responsible for human rights violations, including unlawful deprivation of the right to life, arbitrary detention, rape, torture, ill-treatment, enforced disappearance and child recruitment, and serious violations of freedom of expression and economic, social and cultural rights, in particular the right to an adequate standard of living and the right to health.

107. The Group of Experts has reasonable grounds to believe that the de facto authorities are responsible, in the areas over which they exercise effective control, for human rights violations, including arbitrary detention, torture, ill-treatment and child recruitment, and serious restrictions on freedom of expression and of belief.
108. The Group has reasonable grounds to believe that the parties to the armed conflict in Yemen have committed a substantial number of violations of international humanitarian law. Subject to a determination by an independent and competent court:

(a) Individuals in the Government and the coalition, including Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, may have conducted attacks in violation of the principles of distinction, proportionality and precaution that may amount to war crimes;

(b) Individuals in the Government and the coalition, including Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, have committed acts that may amount to war crimes, including cruel treatment and torture, outrages upon personal dignity, rape and conscripting or enlisting children under the age of 15 or using them to participate actively in hostilities;

(c) Individuals in the de facto authorities have committed acts that may amount to war crimes, including cruel treatment and torture, outrages upon personal dignity and conscripting or enlisting children under the age of 15 or using them to participate actively in hostilities.

109. The Group of Experts has identified, where possible, individuals who may be responsible for international crimes, and the list of individuals has been submitted to the High Commissioner. More information is needed on some incidents documented by the Group to establish responsibilities.

110. In order to ensure justice for all victims of violations of international human rights and humanitarian law, and in the light of the ongoing armed conflict, the Group of Experts presents the following recommendations.

111. The Group of Experts recommends that parties to the conflict:

(a) Immediately cease acts of violence committed against civilians in violation of applicable international human rights and international humanitarian law, take all feasible precautions to protect civilians from the effects of hostilities and meet the basic needs of the civilian population, in particular women and children;

(b) Respect international humanitarian law, including in relation to the prohibition on attacks against civilians and civilian objects, and the core principles of distinction, proportionality and precaution;

(c) Take the necessary measures to remove disproportionate restrictions on the safe and expeditious entry into Yemen of humanitarian supplies and other goods indispensable to the civilian population, and the movement of persons including through Sana’a International Airport;

(d) Fulfil obligations to facilitate the rapid and unimpeded passage of humanitarian relief and unhindered access to medical facilities both in Yemen and abroad;
(e) Ensure that all persons deprived of their liberty have their detention reviewed by a judge in compliance with national and international law;

(f) Ensure that arrests of individuals in connection with the ongoing conflict are carried out on legal grounds only and supported by credible and sufficient evidence;

(g) Document all unofficial detention centres and transfer detainees to official detention facilities in line with national and international law;

(h) Create a national register for missing persons and inform families of the whereabouts of all detainees;

(i) Immediately cease all attacks against freedoms of expression and of belief, including detention, enforced disappearance and intimidation, and release all journalists and others detained for exercising their freedom of expression or belief;

(j) Cease acts of sexual and gender-based violence in all forms, including sexual violence against women and children, sexual violence in detention and the persecution of women activists;

(k) Conduct transparent, independent, impartial and effective gender-sensitive investigations of all violations and crimes in accordance with international standards, to ensure accountability for the perpetrators and justice for the victims;

(l) Cease and prevent the recruitment and use of children in the armed conflict;

(m) Establish an independent and competent mechanism to ensure the identification, release, recovery and reintegration of all children, including girls, who have been recruited or used in hostilities by all parties to the conflict.

112. The Group of Experts recommends that the international community, including the League of Arab States:

(a) Promote efforts led by the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen to cease hostilities, reach a sustainable and inclusive peace and ensure accountability for serious violations and crimes;

(b) Refrain from providing arms that could be used in the conflict in Yemen.

113. Furthermore, the Group of Experts recommends that the Human Rights Council:

(a) Ensure that the situation of human rights in Yemen remains on its agenda by renewing the mandate of the Group of Experts;

(b) Urge the Security Council to emphasize the human rights dimensions of the conflict in Yemen and the need to ensure that there will be no impunity for the most serious crimes.

Follow this report in the next part…

Part 1

Part 2

Part 3

Part 4

Part 5

Part 6

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